Types of sleeping pills
1.Sleeping pills ～ Benzodiazepines
Principle ～ Affects receptors for the inhibitory neurotransmitter y-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
Effect ～ Shorten the time to fall asleep, reduce waking up in the middle of the night, and increase overall sleep time
2.Sleeping pills ～ Zopiclone
Principle ～ It has a high affinity for the GABA body in the brain
Effect ～ Hypnosis, anti-anxiety and forgetful memory
3.Sleeping pills ～ Zolpidem
Principle ～ Has chemicals that promote sleep
Effect ～ Quickly exert and short-acting nerve sedation
4.Sleeping pills ～ Antihistamine
Principle ～ Antihistamines with calming nerve effects, such as promethazine
Effect ～ Sedative
5.Sleeping pills ～ Chloral hydrate
Principle ～ Hypnotic and calming chemicals
Effect ～ Hypnosis and calm nerves
The patient should be familiar with the name of the drug being taken
Use under the supervision of medical staff, and should use the lowest effective dose and shortest course of treatment. The course of treatment should not exceed 4 weeks.
Sleeping pills may cause persistent sleepiness, so after taking sleeping pills, you should not drive or operate machinery, and avoid drinking alcohol-containing materials. Patients should be familiar with the names and dosages of the drugs they are taking, and be aware of possible side effects.
Consequences of overdose of sleeping pills
Overdose of sleeping pills can cause various physiological problems, including persistent excessive sleepiness, unexpected behaviors, such as dullness, drunken behavior, etc., as well as abdominal discomfort, such as loss of appetite, constipation, and breathing problems. Once these symptoms appear, report to the attending doctor as soon as possible and adjust the dosage.
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